The Mercantile Courts of Barcelona have now disclosed the Duty Service and Fast-Action Protocol adopted on 13 December for MOBILE WORLD CONGRESS 2019. This is the fifth year running the Courts of Barcelona provide coverage for this important international forum, enabling the adoption of preliminary injunctions and the handling of preventive briefs under the most urgent conditions. The Protocol brings several important developments with it this year.

For the first time, the Protocol is agreed jointly by the Mercantile Court of Barcelona and the European Union Trade Mark Court in Alicante. In this way, the Protocol will not only be effective regarding patent infringements, but also for cases of infringement of European Union Trade Marks and Designs. Any preliminary injunction adopted by the Court of Alicante within this context may be enforced by the Courts of Barcelona while the Congress is being held.

The Protocol will be in force throughout February, in particular during the days the event is held (25-28 February). The commitment of the courts is to process and decide on the petitions for urgent preliminary injunctions within a period of 2 days (without a hearing for the defendant) or of 10 days (with a previous hearing being held) in terms of whether a preventive brief was previously filed.

Furthermore, the Protocol also proposes a guideline is followed to evaluate the risk factor that justifies measures are taken without a hearing for the defendant. For such purpose, both the previous behaviour of the complainant and the reaction speed to any knowledge on an eventual infringement will be decisive. The Protocol places emphasis on the fact that “it will be important to have submitted a petition for urgent preliminary injunctions sufficiently in advance for this, in good faith, not to reasonably prevent a hearing for the defendant, whenever the owner of the allegedly infringed right knew about the possible infringement beforehand and was able to file his petition in good time”.

These provisions of the Protocol encourage companies participating in MWC to weigh out and put in place as soon as possible their defensive or preventive strategies to guarantee their position. It should be borne in mind that 35 actions were carried out by judges in Barcelona regarding MWC 2018, 7 of these consisting of preliminary injunctions without a hearing for the defendants that were aimed at removing products on exhibition in the stands.

Author: Enrique Armijo

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